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Present Perfect

Subject: English
Grade: 7 “B”
Lesson: Demonstration
Lesson theme: Present Perfect
Lesson objectives: First of all, to introduce students the Present Perfect – Regular verbs (Show students how the present perfect is formed: have/has plus the past participle). Contrast finished and unfinished time (when the present perfect is used is to contrast finished and unfinished time). Introduce the Present Perfect – Irregular verbs. Introduce the Present Perfect – Negative forms. Introduce the Present Perfect – Interrogative forms. Introduce the Present Perfect – Short answers.
Learning outcomes: Students will be able to ask questions about past events using the present perfect tense; They will be able to talk about their imaginations using the present perfect tense; Students will be able to write a letter to their friends using the present perfect.
Key Ideas: Have/has, past participle, regular verbs, irregular verbs, past events, past actions, life experience.
Literature Solutions: Pre - Intermediate, Cambridge Advanced Dictionary, Russian - English Dictionary
Visual aids&Equipment: OHP, Laptop, whiteboard activities, Audio materials
Lesson stages Уақыт – 45min
1. Ұйымдастыру кезеңі
Organizational moment 2 - 3 min
1. Greeting
2. Revision of main grammar and vocabulary (the theme: “At the shops”)
2. Warm - up
2 - 3 min Revision of the following idioms:
1) Be all in – Be extremely tired
I'm all in, I'd better go to bed

2) Feel up to – Be able to do
I don't feel up to cleaning the house

3) Like a shot - Fast, without hesitation
If she ever gave a chance to see her again, I would go like a shot.
4) No picnic - Something difficult with a lot of problems
Bringing up three children without a husband is no picnic.
5) Shake a leg - Hurry
Mary, you always take such a long time to put on your make up. Come on, shake a leg!
6) Snow job - Insincere talk
The salesman tried to convince people to buy his goods because they were qualitative. However, no one bought anything from him because they felt he was giving them a snow job.
Personality test
Write down 3 adjectives of personality which come first to your mind.
 The first adjective you wrote is how you see yourselves
 The second is how other people see you
 The third is what you are really like
3. New theme
“Present Perfect” 10 - 15 min
Introduction of new grammar:
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet.
• I have seen that movie twenty times.
• I think I have met him once before.
• There have been many earthquakes in California.
You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of..." You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. The Present Perfect is NOT used to describe a specific event.
• I think I have seen that movie before.
• He has never traveled by train.
• Joan has studied two foreign languages.
We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.
• You have grown since the last time I saw you.
• The government has become more interested in arts education.
We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.

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